The way you carry out waste disposal is of utmost importance today. Due to steep rise in population in recent years, rapid industrialization and waste creation has become a common occurrence. These wastes could harm the environment to a large extent…
Thus the methods of waste disposal dependant on the kind of effect they impart on the environment. Implementation of proper waste disposal methods will keep the environment safe and green. Thus UK established national waste management strategies with quantitative targets for the first time in 1999 and 2000. They have introduced new mechanisms to track the performance of local authorities in waste management. They have developed various economic tools like landfill tax and aggregates levy in order to handle it. A tradable permits system was proposed for landfilling of municipal waste consisting of rubbish clearance from general household which is biodegradable. Strong regulations were levied on hazardous wastes by clearly defining the borders of “special waste”.
Landfill tax is the tax levied on the waste disposal. The prime purpose of levying landfill tax is to reduce the waste produced and adapt alternate methods. It intends to inspire public to yield less waste and recover more value from waste, for instance through recycling and to use more eco-friendly methods of waste disposal.Landfills are the sites allotted for solid waste disposal. Both inert and active wastes are dumped, compressed and covered with the layers of soil in these sites. Landfill sites are used to compress the volume of non-recyclable wastes and make its storage safe for the public. These sites need licence from the government. The landfill operators charge the users heavily as they are liable to tax. Wastes are of two types – active and inert. Active wastes are those which decay while the inert wastes are those which do not decay. For instance, house hold waste collected during house clearance fall under the category of active wastes. Active wastes are charged standard rate and inert wastes are charged lower rate. The reasonably low cost of landfilling resulted in reduced waste generation. The local authorities are made responsible for rubbish collection, rubbish removal and planning for waste management. The Environment Agency in England and Wales is responsible for licensing and regulation of waste management.
The fourth article in the revised Directive of EU Waste Framework proposed the concept of the ‘waste hierarchy’. It is designed with five hierarchical steps to handle waste disposal process. Prevention, preparing for re-use, recycling, other recovery and disposal are the five steps. Prevention offers the best results in view of the environment and hence tops the list of preference. It involves usage of fewer raw materials in design and production; retaining products for longer duration, re-use, avoiding the use of hazardous materials. Cleaning, inspecting, repairing, replacing spare parts to improve the longevity of an item fall under the category of preparing to re-use. Recycling includes moulding waste into reusable material. Anaerobic digestion, pyrolysis and gasification fall under other recovery methods while disposal is self-explanatory.The arrangements for waste management in industrial organisation is rather complex. Hence if your organisation yields or handles waste you must take measures to prevent waste and apply the waste hierarchy when transferring it.